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Representation Review

RepresentationReview TimelineWhat is a Representation Review?

As a local authority, Hastings District Council is required to take a fresh look at how you are represented around the Council table at least once every six years.

We last held a representation review in 2018. The Council decision to introduce Māori wards earlier this year means we are required to do another review in 2021.

This could affect the total number of councillors, the numbers of wards, the boundaries of wards, the number of community boards and the number of members on the board.

The outcome of this will apply to the 2022 and 2025 local elections.

Council needs to determine:

  • the number of Councillors to be elected,
  • whether they are to be elected from wards or from a combination of wards and ‘at large’ across the wider district,
  • the number of wards and the boundaries and names of those wards (including Māori ward/s),
  • the number of Councillors to be elected from each ward,
  • whether to have a Community Board or Boards,
  • the name/s of the Board or Boards,
  • the number Board members to be elected and the number to be appointed (from the Council),
  • whether Board members should be elected from electoral subdivisions or ‘at large’, and
  • the boundaries of and number of members from each subdivision,

… and has now adopted an Initial Proposal determining these matters.

We are now calling on submissions on Council’s Initial Proposal.

Council has already resolved to keep First Past the Post electoral system and to introduce Māori ward/s. These matters are not within the scope of the Representation Review. The number and configuration of Māori wards (i.e., one or more) is within the scope of this review.

Representation arrangements – Initial Proposal

On 26 August 2021, the Hastings District Council resolved that the following proposal apply for the Council and Rural Community Board for the 2022 local government election.

HDC RepresentReview Models

 

Updated HDC RepresentReview WardMaptextThe wards reflect the following identified communities of interest:

Ward Communities of Interest
General Ward  
Flaxmere Ward The general electoral population from the urban community of Flaxmere Village.
Hastings-Havelock North Ward The general electoral population from the urban communities of Hastings City and Havelock North Village.
Heretaunga Ward The general electoral population from the villages of Clive, Haumoana, Te Awanga and Whakatū and from the Heretaunga Plains area excluding the urban areas of Hastings, Flaxmere and Havelock North.
Kahurānaki Ward The general electoral population from the rural area of Hastings District south of the Ngaruroro River and south and east of Havelock North and the Heretaunga Plains.
Mohaka Ward The general electoral population from the rural area of Hastings District north of the Ngaruroro River and west of the Heretaunga Plains.
Māori Ward  
Takitimu Ward The Māori electoral population from across the entire Hastings District.

The number of members per ward and the population that each member will represent is as follows:

Ward Electoral Population (2018 Census) Members Population per Member
General Ward General Electoral Population    
Flaxmere Ward 6,830 1 6,830
Hastings-Havelock North Ward 43,200 7 6,171
Heretaunga Ward 10,600 2 5,300
Kahurānaki Ward 5,250 1 5,250
Mohaka Ward 5,780 1 5,780
Māori Ward Māori Electoral Population    
Takitimu Ward 16,400 3 5,467
Total* 88,000 15  

*Differences in Statistics New Zealand rounding

Note: The number of Māori ward Councillors is set by a formula stipulated in the Local Electoral Act 2001. Based on the size of the Māori electoral population and total electoral population, with Hastings District Council proposing to elect a total of 15 Councillors from wards, three of those Councillors must be elected from the Māori ward.  Electors on the General Electoral Roll will vote in the general ward in which they live. Electors on the Māori Electoral Roll will vote in the Takitimu Ward. Electors from both the General and Māori electoral rolls will vote for the Mayor.

A few more details about the proposed representation arrangements and ward boundaries:

  1. The Council’s earlier decision to introduce a Māori ward or wards is reflected in the introduction of the Takitimu Māori Ward. Feedback from community engagement has suggested one ward electing three Councillors is the preferred option.
  2. Proposed boundary change (view map) - Meshblocks bordering Ōmāhu Road on the southern side and one meshblock bordering Ōmāhu Road on the northern side are proposed to be shifted from the Flaxmere Ward into the Heretaunga Ward. This area is seen as having greater commonalities with the Heretaunga Ward due to it comprising largely industrial properties and being similar to the northern side of Ōmāhu Road which is in the Heretaunga Ward. This adjustment is viewed as providing more effective representation of the area. The proposed boundary adjustment also helps address fair representation issues.
  3. Proposed boundary changes (view map) – the areas comprising the Gracelands Retirement complex (corner Lyndhurst and Pākōwhai Roads), the Summerset Retirement complex (Ada Street) and the Sir James Wattie Retirement complex (Te Aute Road) are proposed to be shifted from the Heretaunga Ward into the Hastings-Havelock North Ward. These areas are residential and urban in nature and are seen as having greater commonalities with the other urban areas of the Hastings-Havelock North Ward. This adjustment is viewed as providing more effective representation of these areas.
  4. Proposed boundary change (view map) – the area known as the ‘Ngātarawa Triangle’, largely bounded by State Highway 50, Ngātarawa Road and Maraekākaho Road near Bridge Pā is proposed to be shifted from the Kahurānaki Ward to the Heretaunga Ward. This area is predominantly used for viticultural and horticultural purposes and is seen as having stronger commonalities with the other vineyard and horticultural land uses on the Heretaunga Plains. These commonalities were viewed as stronger than those with the predominant rural land uses in the Kahurānaki Ward. This adjustment is viewed as providing more effective representation of this area.
  5. Proposed boundary change (view map) – the Ōmāhu Village meshblocks previously in the Mohaka Ward are proposed to be shifted from the Mohaka Ward to the Heretaunga Ward. This area is seen as having stronger commonalities with the other half of the Ōmāhu Village (located in the Heretaunga Ward) than with the predominant rural land uses in the Mohaka Ward. This adjustment is viewed as providing more effective representation of this area.

The ± 10% “rule”:

The ± 10% “rule” is an important guide in assessing fair representation. Simply put, this rule looks to ensure each elected member of council represents a similar number of people. It requires the number of people represented by each councillor from a general ward be within ± 10% of the average across all elected members from the general wards. If the proposal is not compliant with the ± 10% “rule”, it has to be approved by the Local Government Commission.
Based on these representation arrangements the following wards fall outside +/-10% range from the average population per councillor set out in the Local Electoral Act:

  • Kahurānaki ward over-represented at -11.61% deviation from the average population per councillor
  • Heretaunga ward over-represented at -11.28% deviation from the average population per councillor
  • Flaxmere ward under-represented at + 14.02% deviation from the average population per councillor

This doesn’t comply with the ± 10% “rule” – so why is Council proposing it?

The introduction of a Māori Ward has meant that the Māori electoral population has been removed from the electoral populations of each of the general wards. This impact is not uniform – for instance over 40% of the electoral population of the Flaxmere Ward is transferred to the Takitimu Ward. This means that while the general ward structure provides effective representation for the identified communities of interest, finding a distribution of Councillors that fits within the +/-10% range is not straightforward.

The Council considers that Initial Proposal provides effective representation for the communities of interest within the Hastings District. In further detail:

  1. Achieving compliance with the +/-10% range for the Heretaunga Ward would require adding parts of other communities of interest (likely urban and/or rural) to the Ward which would limit effective representation of communities of interest by uniting within the Heretaunga Ward communities of interest with few commonalities of interest. It would also limit effective representation of communities of interest by dividing the urban and/or rural communities of interest from which those part communities of interest would be drawn.
  2. Achieving compliance with the +/-10% range for the Kahurānaki Ward would require adding parts of other communities of interest (from the Heretaunga Ward) to the Ward which would limit effective representation of communities of interest by dividing the horticultural and Heretaunga Plains communities of interest from which those part communities of interest would be drawn.
  3. Achieving compliance with the +/-10% range for the Flaxmere Ward would require either merging the Ward into the Hastings-Havelock Ward or shifting a significant part of the ward into either the Hastings-Havelock Ward or the Heretaunga Ward. The former would limit effective representation of the Flaxmere community of interest by uniting it with a much larger set of communities of interests with few commonalities of interest. The latter would limit effective representation of communities of interest by dividing the Flaxmere community of interest between two wards.

A few more details about the Community Board Representation

The Council resolved to retain the Hastings District Rural Community Board. No other Community Boards are proposed to be introduced.

HDC RepresentReview Models2

HastingsDistrict RuralMapIn relation to the Hastings District Rural Community Board, it is proposed that there will continue to be four elected members from the electoral subdivisions below. It is proposed that there will be three Councillors appointed to the Board (rather than two as per the previous arrangements). These will be the Councillor elected to represent the Mohaka Ward, the Councillor elected to represent the Kahurānaki Ward, and one Councillor from among those elected to represent the Takitimu Ward (the Takitimu Ward encompasses the area of the Rural Community Board and those on the Māori Electoral Roll vote for Community Board Members). The number of members per subdivision and the population that each member will represent is as follows:

Subdivision Electoral Population (2018 Census) Members Population per Member
Tūtira 3,090 1 3,090
Kaweka 3,220 1 3,220
Maraekākaho 2,890 1 2,890
Poukawa 3,370 1 3,370
Total   4  

All subdivisions fall within the +/-10% range.

There are a number of boundary adjustments proposed affecting some of the Rural Community Board electoral subdivisions. These are as follows:

  • Tutira Subdivision – Boundaries unchanged
  • Kaweka Subdivision – To align with the changes to the Mohaka Ward boundary for Council representation as described above, two meshblocks comprising part of the Ōmāhu Village are proposed to be moved out of the Kaweka Subdivision and the Rural Community Board area (view map).
  • Maraekākaho Subdivision – To align with the changes to the Kahurānaki Ward boundary for Council representation as described above, meshblocks comprising the ‘Ngātarawa Triangle' area (largely bounded by State Highway 50, Ngātarawa Road and Maraekākaho Road) are proposed to be moved out of the Maraekākaho Subdivision and the Rural Community Board area. In addition, to achieve fair representation, two meshblocks comprising Paki Paki are shifted from the Poukawa Subdivision into the Maraekākaho Subdivision. This adjustment is not seen as limiting or detracting from effective representation of communities of interest (view map).
  • Poukawa Subdivision – as above two meshblocks comprising Paki Paki are shifted from the Poukawa Subdivision into the Maraekākaho Subdivision. This adjustment is not seen as limiting or detracting from effective representation of communities of interest (view map).

Further information

  • Background information on the Representation Review can be viewed via the links below:
  • The Council has adopted the above arrangements as its Initial Proposal for the Hastings District Council Representation Review. The Proposal is now open to submissions from members of the public.
  • Submissions close 5.00pm on Friday 1 October 2021.
  • Following the close of submissions, Council will consider all submissions received and determine its Final Proposal. Following this decision, Council will give public notice of its Final Proposal. Members of the public who made submissions on the Initial Proposal will be entitled to appeal the Final Proposal to the Local Government Commission if they wish. If Council’s Final Proposal is different from its Initial Proposal, all members of the public will be entitled to object to the Final Proposal. Further details on this process will be made available following the adoption of the Final Proposal.
  • If you wish to make a submission, you are entitled to be heard by Council in relation to your submission. It is intended that submissions will be heard on Thursday, 14 October 2021 (and preceding days if necessary). Please indicate with your submission if you wish to be heard.
  • Enquiries relating to the Hastings District Council Representation Review can be made to Vicki Rusbatch on Telephone 06 871 5000 or via email  representationreview@hdc.govt.nz.

Make a submission

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Hastings District Council
207 Lyndon Road East, Hastings 4122
Private Bag 9002, Hastings 4156
Phone: +64 6 871 5000
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